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Outdoor Monuments

Keywords

Local Cimate Analysis, Solar Radiation Modelling, Impact of Meteorological Factors and Air Pollution, Particle Deposition and Soiling, Crust Formation, Wetting Cycles, Deterioration Mechanisms, Stone and Bronze Weathering, Multidisciplinary Enviromental Analyses, Mitigative Remedies.>

 

San Marco's bronze horses
 UNESCO's logo UNESCO's World List of Cultural Heritage San Marco's bronze horses, Venice
  • Camuffo, D. and Vincenzi, S., 1985: Computing the Energy Balance of a Statue of Bronze: the San Marco's Horses as a Case Study. The Science of the Total Environment, 44, 147-158.
  • Camuffo, D., 1981: Hot-Horse Anemometry. Atmospheric Environment,15, 1767.
  • Camuffo, D., 1980: Escursioni termiche dei cavalli di S.Marco nel periodo estivo. Inquinamento, 7/8, 57-61.
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Pisa Tower
 UNESCO's logo UNESCO's World List of Cultural Heritage Pisa Tower
  • Camuffo D., Sturaro G. and Valentino A., 1999: Urban Climatology Applied to the Deterioration of the Pisa Leaning Tower, Italy, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 63, 223-231.
  • Camuffo D., Sturaro G. e Valentino A., 1999: Analisi del microclima e delle interazioni ambiente-manufatto per la conservazione della Torre di Pisa, Bollettino Geofisico, 22 (1-2), 5-25.
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Trajan Column
 UNESCO's logo UNESCO's World List of Cultural Heritage Trajan and Aurelian Columns, Rome
  • Camuffo, D., 1993: Reconstructing the Climate and the Air Pollution of Rome During the Life of the Trajan Column.The Science of the Total Environment, 128, 205-226.
  • Camuffo, D. and Bernardi, A., 1993: Microclimatic Factors affecting the Trajan Column. The Science of the Total Environment, 128, 227-255.
  • Camuffo, D. and Vincenzi, S., 1986: Thermal Structure Inside a Statue or Column Under Stationary Lighting. The Science of the Total Environment, 53, 179-191.
  • Camuffo, D., 1989: The Aurelian Column: May Individual Solutions Resolve the General Problems? European Cultural Heritage Newsletter on Research, 3,1, 5-8.
  • Camuffo, D., 1989: The Aurelian Column in Rome - An Atlas of Stone Deterioration. European Cultural Heritage Newsletter on Research, 3,2, 5-8.
  • Bernardi, A., Camuffo, D. and Vincenzi, S., 1988: Modelling the Thermal Pattern of a Statue or Column Exposed to Periodic Lighting Conditions. Il Nuovo Cimento 11C, 453-466.
  • Camuffo, D. and Bernardi, A., 1991: Indoor and Outdoor Microclimate: the Trajan Column and Sistine Chapel; pp. 295-305 in: N.S. Baer, C. Sabbioni and A. Sors (editors): "Science Technology and European Cultural Heritage" Butterworth, Oxford.
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Great Spinx
 UNESCO's logo UNESCO's World List of Cultural Heritage Great Spinx and Pyramid Plateau, Giza, Egypt
Fluidodynamic situation around the Sphinx in windy conditions Fluidodynamic situation around the Sphinx in windy conditions
Remains of the original coating made of gazelle blood covering the face of the Sphinx Remains of the original coating made of gazelle blood covering the face of the Sphinx
For four millenia the Sphinx remained submersed in the dune sand, whose level was variable For four millenia the Sphinx remained submersed in the dune sand, whose level was variable
  • Camuffo, D., 1994: L'enigma dell'erosione della Sfinge. Bollettino Geofisico 17,3, 17-21.
  • Camuffo, D., 1998: Microclimate for Cultural Heritage. Developments in Atmospheric Science 23, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 415 pp.
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Madara Rider
 UNESCO's logo UNESCO's World List of Cultural Heritage Madara Rider, Shumen, Bulgaria
  • Camuffo, D., Todorov, V., Georgiev, K., Neshkova, R., Popov, P. and Petko, P., 1992: The Madara Rider, Bulgaria. European Cultural Heritage Newsletter on Research, 6, 2, 31-34.
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