Physical ObsErvations and Modelling for a Healthy Atmosphere
Atmospheric pollutants (including potentially harmful natural ones) bear detrimental effects on humans, the environment and on climate. In large cities and industrial areas of the Mediterranean region such effects are exacerbated by the great number of anthropic sources and by high solar radiation levels. Well documented consequences of such conditions involve human health, impacts on vegetal and animal species, air quality, cultural heritage and, in general, quality of life. A broad literature addressing these issues can be found in web sites of institutional agencies/organization as the European Environmental Agency, the World Meteorological Organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and the World Health Organization. Owing to the complexity of the processes involved, the characterization of pollution levels and the evaluation of the effects single pollutants can bear is still an open issue to be faced by means of an interdisciplinary approach. To this goal, it is fundamental to achive an optimized integration between numerical modelling and operational observations (meteorological/physical/chemical via remote sensing and in situ techniques), which includes the development of innovative tools (hardware and software) and the implementation of both long term and intensive campaigns. To these goals, POEMHA associates some of the best observational and modelling expertises in ISAC. Final target of the group is to allow integrated studies of 4D fields (x, y, z and t) of meteorological and pollution metrics, and to evaluate their environmental impacts. Particular focus will be on Mediterranean Megacities as Rome, where the group manages a unique atmospheric observational facility, and other important industrial setups.