Climate hotspots: atmospheric observations and technological development

Acronym: 
HotSpots
Coordinator: 

Research Activity: 

The overall objective of the research group is aimed primarily to study Climate Hot Spots through the characterization of the chemical and physical composition of Earth's atmosphere in order to define the radiation and energy balance in remote areas and on different temporal scales; to study the dynamical and radiative processes basing on the observational activities carried out in these regions, including Arctic, Antarctica, Himalayas, Mediterranean basin, Alps and Apennines. Moreover, in the framework of the research activities carried out in remote areas, we develop new technologies and research infrastructures. In this context are included also research activities related to the study of renewable energy. Long-term purposes are:

  • Study of the variability of climate-altering and pollutant atmospheric compounds and their trends in background conditions
  • Study of transport processes at different temporal scales, focusing on the so-called ‘Hot-Spot’ regions, such as the mountain areas, Mediterranean basin, monsoon tropical areas.
  • Development of an infrastructure system for climate and environmental monitoring, based on the integration of different kinds of observational techniques (in-situ, remote sensing), focusing on polar areas (Arctic and Antarctica), high-altitude regions (Alps and Apennines) and the Mediterranean basin (Po valley, coastal and insular areas of Southern Italy, Saharan region).
  • Study of dynamical, radiative and physico- chemical processes at air-sea-land-snow-ice interfaces and on the vertical atmospheric column on polar regions.
  • Development of technological systems for atmospheric composition observations.
  • Development of solutions for design, optimization, characterization and structures evaluation for renewable energy.
  • Implement new concepts for environmental-climatic monitoring.

Papers released by the Group