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Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
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Head: Dr. Andrea Buzzi


The Dynamic Meteorology division includes basic and applied Meteorology, Dynamics of the Atmosphere and of the coupled Atmosphere-Ocean system, Turbulence at different scales, Predictability and Dynamic Climatology. The entire spectrum of atmospheric scales of motion, from the boundary layer to the planetary circulation, including Climate Dynamics, is considered.

Analytical and numerical methods are those typical of Geophysical Fluid Dynamics.

Applied research themes range from modelling of turbulence and of dispersion of pollutants in the planetary boundary layer, to modelling and data assimilation related to numerical weather forecasting, and to applications of the meteorological-climatological regional and global models, including atmospheric-ocean coupled models.

Phenomena of special interest are: mid-latitude cyclones, fronts, convection, high impact weather and extreme meteorological events (heavy precipitation, floods, strong winds), mesoscale circulations, turbulent structures, boundary layer exchanges, meteorological-climatological anomalies, teleconnections etc.

Special attention is devoted to geographical areas situated in mid latitudes (Mediterranean and Alpine areas in particular) and to polar and tropical regions. The Mediterranean is characterised by peculiar atmospheric phenomenology induced by the presence of complex orography adjacent to coastlines. Particularly adverse phenomena in this area are floods that are often originated by heavy precipitation over mountains and coastal regions. The Alpine region, that can be considered as a prototype of a complex orography area, induces a variety of mesoscale meteorological phenomena. Polar and tropical regions are associated with peculiar meteorological phenomena and circulation systems (for example, katabatic winds and monsoon circulation) that affect local and global weather and climate.

The above research themes can be sub-divided into four main branches:

  1. Geophysical fluid dynamics, basic properties of turbulence, dynamic climatology and predictability of weather and climate
  2. Synoptic and mesoscale meteorology, numerical modelling, data assimilation and forecasting
  3. Atmospheric boundary layer, micrometeorology, urban atmosphere
  4. Air quality, transport and dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere