About Us


The Italian Climate Observatory “O. Vittori” (ICO-OV) is a research infrastructure managed by the Institute for Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC) of the National Reasearch Council (CNR).


ICO-OV is located on the top of Mt. Cimone (2165 m a.s.l.), the highest peak of the northern Italian Apennines and it is the only high mountain station for atmospheric research located both South of the Alps and the Po basin. Due to the completely free horizon, high altitude and great distance from major pollution sources, ICO-OV represents a strategic platform to study the chemical-physical characteristics and climatology of the free troposphere in the South Europe and North Mediterranean basin.


At ICO-OV, continuous monitoring of climate-altering compounds (trace gases and aerosol), solar radiation as well as meteorological parameters are carried out since 1996. The ICO-OV activity can help to better monitor the changes of atmospheric composition, to investigate the processes influencing climate and to assess the contribution of short and long-range air mass transport to atmospheric variability. ICO-OV is part of several international networks devoted to the long-term monitoring of atmospheric properties and climate change study. Data from ICO-OV were also used to calibrate and verify data from satellites and model simulations.


The ICO-OV is hosted by the Italian Air Force on its own Observatory. ICO-OV scientific activity is mainly supported by cooperative national and international research programs and the wide set of atmospheric measurements has been established thanks to collaboration of several research Institutions and Universities. ICO-OV is one of the 29 Global Stations of the GAW-WMO program (the only existing in Italy), it is part of NextData project, ACTRIS-2 , ICOS and AGAGE projects. ICO-OV contributes to CAMS and WMO SDS-WAS by providing near-real time data of atmospheric composition.

Point of contact

Paolo Cristofanelli
E-mail: p.cristofanelli -at- isac.cnr.it
Phone: + 39 051 6399597